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7.2 Persons Posing a Risk to Children- West Midlands Regional Multi-Agency Guidance Manual (Including an Introduction and Summary)

AMENDMENT

In November 2019 the PPRC2 - Information Required for Referral was updated.


1.

Introduction

1.1 This guidance manual primarily relates to the identification, assessment and management of individuals who have committed offences against a child and have received a caution or conviction for the offence. It also applies to those who have committed an offence against a child but where no formal conviction has been secured.
1.2 The term 'Person Posing a Risk to Children' (PPRC) replaced the term 'Schedule 1 Offender' in light of the Home Office Guidance ('Guidance on Offences Against Children, Home Office Circular 16/2005). PPRC indicates that the person has been identified as presenting a risk, or potential risk, to children not only as a result of the nature of his or her offence but also as a result of a further assessment to determine if s/he should be regarded as presenting a continued risk of harm to children. The Home Office Circular 16/2005 contains a list of offences that should operate as a trigger to such further assessment.
1.3 Solihull LSCP and its constituent agencies have been signed up to the guidance manual.

2.

The guidance manual:

  • Clarifies how and when services communicate with each other about individuals assessed as posing a risk to children. The table below clarifies when communication and referral is required between services and when it is not;
  • Provides guidance on the roles and responsibilities of Police, Prison Service, Youth Offending Service, Probation and Children's Social Care within the process of identification, referral, assessment and management;
  • Provides relevant multi agency documents and templates for letters for the PPRC process.


Category Definition Action
  • Conviction or Caution for an offence against a child;
  • No ongoing risk to children identified.
Someone who has a relevant conviction against a child but where assessment is that they do not continue to pose a risk to children. In these cases no notification to Children's Social Work Services is required. Instead detail of the conviction and assessment conclusion will be recorded on Probation / YOS / Prison records with statutory management of the offender undertaken as required.
  • Conviction or Caution for an offence against a child;
  • Ongoing risk to children but NO identified child in contact.
Someone who has a relevant conviction against a child, which indicates ongoing risk to children but there is no identified child in contact with the offender. In these cases a PPRC2 referral marked for 'Information Only' should be sent to the Local Authority covering the address of the offender.
  • Conviction or Caution for an offence against a child;
  • Ongoing risk to children confirmed and a child identified in contact with offender.
Someone who has a relevant conviction against a child which indicates an ongoing risk to children and where an individual child has been identified as being in direct or likely contact with the offender.

In these cases a PPRC2 referral marked for 'Assessment Request' should be sent to the Local Authority covering the address of the child.

The child's details must be identified in this referral.

A separate PPRC2 referral for information should also be sent to the Local Authority covering the address of the offender should this be different.

  • No offences perpetrated against a child but;
  • Other criminal behaviour, attitude or lifestyle of an individual indicates potential concern for a child's welfare and;
  • Person identified as parent or carer or with significant child care responsibilities.

Where those working with adults and children are concerned by the actions or behaviour of an individual which indicates potential concerns for a child's welfare; for example where there is alcohol or drug misuse by an individual or significant violence against adults and where the perpetrator of this concern is a parent or has a significant degree of care or contact with children then an assessment may be required as to the impact on the persons parenting / caring capacity in relation to the welfare of child. 

This person will not be identified as a PPRC as they have not committed an offence against a child.

In these cases a referral under section 47 of the Children Act 1989 should be made to Children's Social Work Services using the Inter-Agency Referral Form

The person identifying the cause of concern is responsible for making or ensuring a referral for assessment is made


3.

The Child Protection and Review Unit is the agreed point of contact within the Local Authority for agencies to share information as set out in the guidance manual.

Any agency wishing to advise the Local Authority in Solihull of a Person Posing a Risk to Children should complete a PPRC2 and return it by secure email to cpru@solihull.gov.uk or by fax. Where a specific child or children has/have been identified, their details should be included on the PPRC2 and the Assessment request box ticked. Where no specific child has been identified, the PPRC should be completed and the information only box ticked.

The Local Authority will use form PPRC4 to advise of the outcome of any assessment identified by the referrer in the PPRC2. When an agency submits a PPRC 2 to the Local Authority in respect of a Young Person Posing a Risk to Children and it is considered the young person requires an assessment in their own right from Children's Social Work Services then a referral to Children's Social Work Services should be made as set out in the Making Referrals to Children's Social Care Procedure.

4. The referring agency should advise the PPRC of the notification to the Local Authority. At the end of their involvement the referring agency should re-assess the PPRC status of the individual previously referred and advise the Local Authority if the status has changed i.e. if the individual is no longer assessed to present a risk to children and young people. The Local Authority will amend their records accordingly. If the PPRC status remains unchanged the referring agency will advise the Person Posing a Risk to Children of their right to a re-assessment in the future of their PPRC status. Any individual wishing to request a re-assessment of their PPRC status should make their request in writing to the Child Protection and Review Unit Manager, Solihull MBC, The Bluebell Centre, West Mall, Chelmsley Wood, Solihull, B37 5TN.

5.

Learning from Audit

 

An audit was carried out by the LSCP into the management of PPRC notifications and assessments of children identified as in contact or living with a PPRC. The learning from the audit was shaped and influenced by a group of multi-agency practitioners. As a result of the learning the following arrangements have been agreed in Solihull:

  1. Social work assessments of risk to individual children from a PPRC will be informed by the supervising officer’s views and assessment about the PPRC including their likelihood of re-offending;
  2. Home visits carried out as part of a social work assessment of risk to an individual child(ren) from a PPRC will be carried out jointly by Children’s Social Work Services and the offender supervisor (usually Probation or Police Offender Manager);
  3. Genograms and chronologies will be developed in respect of the child/family as well as PPRC;
  4. Information will be gathered from health professionals who work with the child, family and PPRC to inform the assessment of risk.  Information will also be requested from other universal, targeted or specialist services to inform the assessment;
  5. Working agreements may be devised between Children’s Social Work Services and parents/carers to clarify expectations in order to manage any risk to the child/ren. There is a need for multi-agency involvement in the development of these agreements in order that relevant professionals are aware of and inform plans to manage the risk to the child/ren;
  6. Working Agreements should also consider:
    • What aspects of the working agreement should remain in place post Children’s Social Work Services ending their involvement;
    • How what needs to remain in place will be monitored and by whom;
    • How the working agreement will be reviewed/updated and any revisions shared with interested parties;
    • The potential consequences if the working agreement is breached /broken.


Click here to view Persons Posing a Risk to Children- West Midlands Regional Multi-Agency Guidance.

To view PPRC documentation click on the links listed below:

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